ECB-ART-32894Dev Biol 1985 Jan 01;1071:58-65. doi: 10.1016/0012-1606(85)90375-6.
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Fertilization stimulates lipid peroxidation in the sea urchin egg.
Arachidonic acid is rapidly taken-up by Strongylocentrotus purpuratus eggs and eventually incorporated into cellular lipids. During the first few minutes following fertilization the arachidonic acid that has not been incorporated into other lipid forms is oxidized to a hydroxy-fatty acid. In vivo, the time of arachidonic acid conversion coincides with the transient period of increased intracellular free calcium after fertilization. In vitro, this lipid peroxidizing activity has been shown to be initiated by micromolar calcium. Taken together with the presence of Ca2+-stimulated lipase, these results suggest that calcium regulates both the release of polyunsaturated fatty acids from cellular lipids and their subsequent oxidation. The physiological function of lipid hydroxides or hydroperoxides in sea urchin fertilization is unknown. A possibility is that they may be important in regulating the many membrane permeability changes occurring within minutes after fertilization.
PubMed ID: 3917416
Article link: Dev Biol
Genes referenced: LOC100887844