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Exp Cell Res 1987 Sep 01;1721:32-42. doi: 10.1016/0014-4827(87)90090-5.
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Kinetics of actin assembly attending fertilization or artificial activation of sea urchin eggs.

Dufresne L , Swezey RR , Epel D .

Changes in the state of actin assembly triggered by fertilization or by artificial activation of sea urchin eggs were quantified using the DNase I inhibition assay. Insemination of Lytechinus pictus or Strongylocentrotus purpuratus eggs induces a cyclic variation in the level of G-actin as follows: between 0 and 30 s after insemination, the G-actin content decreases. This is followed by an increase in the amount of monomeric actin between 30 and 60 s, and then from 60 s to 5 min postinsemination there is a progressive decrease in the egg''s level of G-actin. This latter decrease is more pronounced in S. purpuratus eggs than in L. pictus eggs. Using sperm mimetics that trigger an increase in intracellular calcium concentration (A23187 in sodium-free seawater), a cytoplasmic alkalinization (NH4Cl), a plasma membrane depolarization (seawater enriched with potassium ions), or all three of these phenomena (A23187 in normal seawater), each phase depicted at fertilization correlates with the following metabolic events accompanying egg awakening: phase 1, of uncertain origin (possibly related to plasma membrane depolarization); phase 2, elevation of intracellular calcium concentration; phase 3, alkalinization of the intracellular milieu but only if the transient intracellular calcium rise has taken place.

PubMed ID: 3115796
Article link: Exp Cell Res

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC590297