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FEBS Lett 1991 Dec 16;2951-3:167-70. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(91)81410-a.
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A rapid change in phosphorylation on tyrosine accompanies fertilization of sea urchin eggs.

Ciapa B , Epel D .

Alterations in protein phosphorylation, particularly phosphorylation on tyrosine, frequently accompany cell change and are important agents in the cascades initiated by extracellular signals. This paper examines whether the activation of the sea urchin egg at fertilization involves an early and rapid phosphotyrosine response. Using an anti-phosphotyrosine antibody and a rapid sampling technique, we find a very early increase in the phosphorylation on tyrosine of two proteins of approximately 91 kDa and 138 kDa. A similar phosphorylation occurs after activation of the eggs by the calcium ionophore, ionomycin, suggesting the stimulation of a Ca(2+)-sensitive pathway. The timing and Ca2+ sensitivity suggest a role in the primary signal transduction events of fertilization.

PubMed ID: 1722461
Article link: FEBS Lett

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115919910