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Biol Reprod 1991 Feb 01;442:225-30. doi: 10.1095/biolreprod44.2.225.
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Identification of a cell surface receptor common to germ and somatic cells.

Garbers DL .

The plasma membrane forms of guanylyl cyclase constitute a diverse family of cell surface receptors. An mRNA for the enzyme/receptor was first cloned from sea urchin testis after cross-linking studies suggested that guanylyl cyclase was a sperm receptor for egg peptides. The enzyme/receptor was shown to contain a single putative transmembrane domain, a large extracellular region that presumably binds peptide ligands, and an intracellular region that contains a protein kinase-like and a cyclase catalytic domain. The sea urchin cDNA was then used to isolate positive-hybridizing clones from mammalian tissues. At least two forms recognize natriuretic peptides and one form recognizes the heat-stable enterotoxins. In the case of the enterotoxin receptor, it remains to be shown whether or not an endogenous ligand exists that regulates enzyme activity. The discovery of this cell surface receptor family presents a new paradigm for second messenger signalling in that a low-molecular weight second messenger (cyclic GMP) is produced by the same protein that binds the extracellular ligand.

PubMed ID: 1672613
Article link: Biol Reprod

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115919910 LOC115925415 LOC576733 LOC586799 LOC589042 LOC590870