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J Mar Biol 2011 Jan 01;2011. doi: 10.1155/2011/460173.
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Defining Boundaries for Ecosystem-Based Management: A Multispecies Case Study of Marine Connectivity across the Hawaiian Archipelago.

Toonen RJ , Andrews KR , Baums IB , Bird CE , Concepcion GT , Daly-Engel TS , Eble JA , Faucci A , Gaither MR , Iacchei M , Puritz JB , Schultz JK , Skillings DJ , Timmers MA , Bowen BW .

Determining the geographic scale at which to apply ecosystem-based management (EBM) has proven to be an obstacle for many marine conservation programs. Generalizations based on geographic proximity, taxonomy, or life history characteristics provide little predictive power in determining overall patterns of connectivity, and therefore offer little in terms of delineating boundaries for marine spatial management areas. Here, we provide a case study of 27 taxonomically and ecologically diverse species (including reef fishes, marine mammals, gastropods, echinoderms, cnidarians, crustaceans, and an elasmobranch) that reveal four concordant barriers to dispersal within the Hawaiian Archipelago which are not detected in single-species exemplar studies. We contend that this multispecies approach to determine concordant patterns of connectivity is an objective and logical way in which to define the minimum number of management units and that EBM in the Hawaiian Archipelago requires at least five spatially managed regions.

PubMed ID: 25505913
PMC ID: PMC4260462
Article link: J Mar Biol
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References [+] :
Andrews, Rolling stones and stable homes: social structure, habitat diversity and population genetics of the Hawaiian spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris). 2010, Pubmed