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Food Chem (Oxf) 2022 Feb 25;4:100091. doi: 10.1016/j.fochms.2022.100091.
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FIP-nha, a fungal immunomodulatory protein from Nectria haematococca, induces apoptosis and autophagy in human gastric cancer cells via blocking the EGFR-mediated STAT3/Akt signaling pathway.

Li SY , Hou LZ , Gao YX , Zhang NN , Fan B , Wang F .

FIP-nha, a fungal immunomodulatory protein from Nectria haematococca, has been demonstrated a broad spectrum of antitumor activity and cell selectivity against human cancers in our previous study. However, the effect and mechanism of FIP-nha on gastric cancer remains unclear. In this study, we systematically observed the cytotoxicity, biological effect, regulatory mechanism and interaction target of FIP-nha on human gastric cancer cell lines, AGS and SGC7901. Our results demonstrated that FIP-nha inhibited the growth of AGS and SGC7901 cells in a dose-dependent manner and exerted proapoptotic effects on both cells as confirmed by flow cytometry, DAPI staining and western blot analysis. Additionally, the exposure of AGS and SGC7901 to FIP-nha induced autophagy as indicated by western blot analysis, GFP-LC3 and mCherry-GFP-LC3 transfection and acridine orange staining. Furthermore, we found that FIP-nha decreased the phosphorylation of EGFR, STAT3 and Akt and inhibited activation effect of ligand factor EGF to EGFR and its downstream signal molecule STAT3 and Akt. Finally, we proved that FIP-nha located on the surface of gastric cancer cells and bound directly to the transmembrane protein of EGFR by immunoprecipitation, cellular localization, molecular docking, microscale thermophoresis assay. The above findings indicated that FIP-nha inhibited the growth of gastric cancer and induced apoptosis and autophagy through competitively binding to EGFR with EGF to blocking the EGFR-mediated STAT3/Akt pathway. In summary, our study provided novel insights regarding the activity of FIP-nha against gastric cancer and contributed to the clinical application of FIP-nha as a potential chemotherapy drugs that targeted EGFR for human gastric cancer.

PubMed ID: 35415679
PMC ID: PMC8991989
Article link: Food Chem (Oxf)

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