ECB-ART-35708Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1995 Aug 29;9218:8180-4. doi: 10.1073/pnas.92.18.8180.
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Homeobox-containing gene transiently expressed in a spatially restricted pattern in the early sea urchin embryo.
In the sea urchin embryo, the lineage founder cells whose polyclonal progenies will give rise to five different territories are segregated at the sixth division. To investigate the mechanisms by which the fates of embryonic cells are first established, we looked for temporal and spatial expression of homeobox genes in the very early cleavage embryos. We report evidence that PlHbox12, a paired homeobox-containing gene, is expressed in the embryo from the 4-cell stage. The abundance of the transcripts reaches its maximum when the embryo has been divided into the five polyclonal territories--namely at the 64-cell stage--and it abruptly declines at later stages of development. Blastomere dissociation experiments indicate that maximal expression of PlHbox12 is dependent on intercellular interactions, thus suggesting that signal transduction mechanisms are responsible for its transcriptional activation in the early cleavage embryo. Spatial expression of PlHbox12 was determined by whole-mount in situ hybridization. PlHbox12 transcripts in embryos at the fourth, fifth, and sixth divisions seem to be restricted to the conditionally specified ectodermal lineages. These results suggest a possible role of the PlHbox12 gene in the early events of cell specification of the presumptive ectodermal territories.
PubMed ID: 7667265
PMC ID: PMC41120
Article link: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115919910
References [+] :
Angerer, Progressively restricted expression of a homeo box gene within the aboral ectoderm of developing sea urchin embryos. 1989, Pubmed, Echinobase