ECB-ART-50383Molecules 2022 Mar 28;277:. doi: 10.3390/molecules27072206.
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Antimicrobial Triterpenoids and Ingol Diterpenes from Propolis of Semi-Arid Region of Morocco.
The chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of propolis from a semi-arid region of Morocco were investigated. Fifteen compounds, including triterpenoids (1, 2, 7-12), macrocyclic diterpenes of ingol type (3-6) and aromatic derivatives (13-15), were isolated by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of spectroscopic and chiroptical methods. Compounds 1 and 3 are new natural compounds, and 2, 4-6, and 9-11 are newly isolated from propolis. Moreover, the full nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) assignments of three of the known compounds (2, 4 and 5) were reported for the first time. Most of the compounds tested, especially the diterpenes 3, 4, and 6, exhibited very good activity against different strains of bacteria and fungi. Compound 3 showed the strongest activity with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) in the range of 4-64 µg/mL. The combination of isolated triterpenoids and ingol diterpenes was found to be characteristic for Euphorbia spp., and Euphorbia officinarum subsp. echinus could be suggested as a probable and new plant source of propolis.
PubMed ID: 35408603
PMC ID: PMC9000693
Article link: Molecules
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|Figure 1. Structures of the isolated compounds.|
|Figure 2. Key HMBC (H→C) correlations of compound 1.|
|Figure 3. Key NOESY (H↔H) correlations of compounds 1 and 2.|
|Figure 4. Key HMBC (H→C) and ROESY (H⟷H) correlations of compounds 3, 4 and 5.|