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Micron 2002 Jan 01;333:233-9. doi: 10.1016/s0968-4328(01)00018-x.
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Three-dimensional mapping of cholinergic molecules by confocal laser scanning microscopy in sea urchin larvae.

Falugi C , Diaspro A , Angelini C , Pedrotti ML , Raimondo M , Robello M .

Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used to examine molecules related to the cholinergic neurotransmission system and detected at all the larval stages of Paracentrotus lividus, by histochemical and immunohistochemical methods. CLSM, providing spatial resolution of the cells located both at the larval surface and at depth, allows a complete mapping in a three-dimensional volumetric frame. At early larval stages acetylcholinesterase- as well as choline acetyltransferase-like molecules were found mainly in the gut wall cells, and along the ciliary bands of the arms, together with muscarinic acetylcholine receptors. At perimetamorphic stages, cholinergic molecules were present in the ciliate strands along the arms, in the larval body and in the rudiment. At metamorphosis, positivity to cholinergic molecules translocated to the juvenile, where a high frequency of mAChR- and ChAT-like positive cells was found.

PubMed ID: 11742747
Article link: Micron

Genes referenced: chat LOC100887844 LOC115917902 LOC577998 LOC581136 LOC762935