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Biology (Basel) 2021 Mar 19;103:. doi: 10.3390/biology10030236.
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Antibiotics Modulate Intestinal Regeneration.

Díaz-Díaz LM , Rosario-Meléndez N , Rodríguez-Villafañe A , Figueroa-Vega YY , Pérez-Villafañe OA , Colón-Cruz AM , Rodríguez-Sánchez PI , Cuevas-Cruz JM , Malavez-Cajigas SJ , Maldonado-Chaar SM , García-Arrarás JE .

The increased antibiotics usage in biomedical and agricultural settings has been well documented. Antibiotics have now been shown to exert effects outside their purposive use, including effects on physiological and developmental processes. We explored the effect of various antibiotics on intestinal regeneration in the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima. For this, holothurians were eviscerated and left to regenerate for 10 days in seawater with different penicillin/streptomycin-based cocktails (100 µg/mL PS) including: 100 µg/mL kanamycin (KPS), 5 µg/mL vancomycin (VPS), and 4 µg/mL (E4PS) or 20 µg/mL (E20PS) erythromycin. Immunohistological and histochemical analyses were performed to analyze regenerative processes, including rudiment size, extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling, cell proliferation, and muscle dedifferentiation. A reduction in muscle dedifferentiation was observed in all antibiotic-treated animals. ECM remodeling was decreased by VPS, E4PS, and E20PS treatments. In addition, organisms subjected to E20PS displayed a significant reduction in the size of their regenerating rudiments while VPS exposure altered cell proliferation. MTT assays were used to discard the possibility that the antibiotics directly affect holothurian metabolic activity while bacterial cultures were used to test antibiotic effects on holothurian enteric microbiota. Our results demonstrate a negative effect on intestinal regeneration and strongly suggest that these effects are due to alterations in the microbial community.

PubMed ID: 33808600
PMC ID: PMC8003396
Article link: Biology (Basel)
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References [+] :
Acar, Antibiotic synergy and antagonism. 2000, Pubmed