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Genesis 2014 Mar 01;523:222-34. doi: 10.1002/dvg.22759.
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Specification and positioning of the anterior neuroectoderm in deuterostome embryos.

Range R .

The molecular mechanisms used by deuterostome embryos (vertebrates, urochordates, cephalochordates, hemichordates, and echinoderms) to specify and then position the anterior neuroectoderm (ANE) along the anterior-posterior axis are incompletely understood. Studies in several deuterostome embryos suggest that the ANE is initially specified by an early, broad regulatory state. Then, a posterior-to-anterior wave of respecification restricts this broad ANE potential to the anterior pole. In vertebrates, sea urchins and hemichordates a posterior-anterior gradient of Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays an essential and conserved role in this process. Recent data collected from the basal deuterostome sea urchin embryo suggests that positioning the ANE to the anterior pole involves more than the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, instead relying on the integration of information from the Wnt/β-catenin, Wnt/JNK, and Wnt/PKC pathways. Moreover, comparison of functional and expression data from the ambulacrarians, invertebrate chordates, and vertebrates strongly suggests that this Wnt network might be an ANE positioning mechanism shared by all deuterostomes.

PubMed ID: 24549984
Article link: Genesis

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC594353 mapk9 pole