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Dev Biol 1987 Jan 01;1191:6-19. doi: 10.1016/0012-1606(87)90201-6.
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Constraint, flexibility, and phylogenetic history in the evolution of direct development in sea urchins.

Raff RA .

Development in sea urchins typically involves the production of an elaborate feeding larva, the pluteus, within which the juvenile sea urchin grows. However, a significant fraction of sea urchins have completely or partially eliminated the pluteus, and instead undergo direct development from a large egg. Direct development is achieved primarily by heterochrony, that is, by the abbreviation or elimination of larval developmental processes and the acceleration of processes involved in development of adult features. Direct development has evolved independently several times, and in several ways. These radically altered ontogenies offer remarkable opportunities for the study of the mechanisms by which early development undergoes evolutionary modification. The recent availability of monoclonal antibody and cDNA probes that recognize homologous cells in embryos of closely related typical and direct developing species makes possible an experimental analysis of the cellular and molecular bases for heterochronic changes in development.

PubMed ID: 3792635
Article link: Dev Biol
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115925415