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Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics 2021 Mar 01;37:100757. doi: 10.1016/j.cbd.2020.100757.
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Enhanced protein phosphorylation in Apostichopus japonicus intestine triggered by tussah immunoreactive substances might be involved in the regulation of immune-related signaling pathways.

Mi R , Rabbi MH , Sun Y , Li X , Ma S , Wen Z , Meng N , Li Y , Du X , Li S .

The sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus is an economically important species owing to its high nutritive and medicinal value. In order to avoid the pollution resulting from the overuse of antibiotics in A. japonicus aquaculture, various immunostimulants have been used as an alternative to improve the efficiency of A. japonicus farming. Our previous proteomic investigation has shown that several proteins participating in the immune-related physiology of A. japonicus were differentially expressed in the intestinal tissue in response to tussah immunoreactive substances (TIS). This study further explored the immunostimulation mechanism of TIS in A. japonicus. Phosphoproteomics technology was used to investigate the effect of TIS on protein phosphorylation in the intestine of A. japonicus following feeding with a TIS-supplemented diet. A total of 213 unique phosphoproteins were detected from 225 unique phosphopeptides. KEGG pathway analysis showed that majority of the phosphoproteins are involved in endocytosis, carbon metabolism and spliceosome functional group. Sixteen of the phosphoproteins exhibited differential phosphorylation in response to TIS and 12 of these were found to associate with biological functions. Of these 12 phosphoproteins, eight exhibited enhanced phosphorylation while four displayed reduced phosphorylation. These 12 proteins were further analyzed and all were found to play a role in regulating some aspects of the immune system and the growth of sea cucumbers, especially in phagocytosis, energy metabolism and disease resistance. The findings of this study could therefore shed new light on the immune pathways of sea cucumber that are affected by TIS. This could help us to better understand the underlying mechanism linked to the immunoenhancement of A. japonicus in response to TIS, one that is associated with the change in protein phosphorylation.

PubMed ID: 33197859
Article link: Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics