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Plant Dis 2001 Apr 01;854:446. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.4.446B.
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First Report of Nectria haematococca Stem Girdling of Greenhouse Peppers in Florida.

Lamb E , Rosskopf E , Sonoda RM .

Nectria haematococca Berk. & Broome causing stem girdling of three cultivars of greenhouse pepper, Capsicum annuum (cvs. Kelvin, Cubico, and Grizzly), was found for the first time in a single greenhouse in south Florida in March 1999. Approximately 10% of the plants were affected at first report increasing to over 40% within 3 months. Black lesions occurred at nodes where the plant was pruned or where fruit had been harvested. No mycelium or perithecia were noted in association with the lesions. All tissue above a lesion appeared normal until the lesion girdled the stem, causing the tissue above the lesion to wilt and die. The plant appeared unaffected below the lesion. The pathogen was isolated on half-strength Difco potato-dextrose agar (½ DPDA). Reddish perithecia developed readily in culture. Two single spore isolates of the pathogen obtained from two naturally infected plants (cultivar Kelvin) were used to satisfy Koch''s postulates. Five plants of Kelvin were inoculated with each isolate by inserting a 4-mm agar block of the pathogen grown for 5 days on ½ DPDA into the stem. Five plants of the same cultivar were similarly treated with fungus-free ½ DPDA. Plants were grown under greenhouse conditions after inoculation. In four plants, black lesions similar to those seen in the commercial greenhouse developed within 1 week. In one plant, the portions of the plants above the point of inoculation wilted after 5 days. The upper parts of the plants appeared healthy until lesions girdled the stems. The plants treated with fungus-free agar remained healthy. The fungus was re-isolated from the margins of lesions on the inoculated plants. The pathogen has been reported to cause stem lesions and fruit rot of pepper in greenhouses in England (1) and Canada (2). Fruit symptoms were not observed in the Florida greenhouse. Stem symptoms were again reported from the same greenhouse in the following season. References: (1) J. T. Fletcher. Plant Pathol. 43:225-222, 1994. (2) W. R. Jarvis. Can. Plant Dis. Surv. 74:131-134, 1994.

PubMed ID: 30831993
Article link: Plant Dis

Genes referenced: LOC575098