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J Agric Food Chem 2021 Dec 29;6951:15611-15623. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.1c06028.
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Characterizations and the Mechanism Underlying Osteogenic Activity of Peptides from Enzymatic Hydrolysates of Stichopus japonicus.

Yang M , Xu Z , Wu D , Dong Y , Wang Z , Du M .

Sea cucumber (Stichopus japonicus) is a kind of fishery product with high nutritional value. It exhibits a wide range of biological activity and has potential application in the food, pharmaceutical, and biomedical industries. However, there are no reports available on the effects of S. japonicus peptides (SJP) on bone mineral density regulations. The purpose of this work was to analyze the composition and osteogenic activity of SJP and explore its underlying mechanism. The results showed that SJP stimulated cell proliferation, differentiation, and mineralization in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, SJP could promote the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells by altering the cell cycle progression and regulating the expression of Cyclins. Besides, SJP activated the WNT/β-catenin pathway and increased the nuclear level of the active form β-catenin. Furthermore, SJP also induced the expression of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP-2) and increase the phosphorylation levels of p38, JNK, and ERK, suggesting that the osteogenic activity of SJP may be achieved through the activation of WNT/β-catenin and BMP/MAPK signal pathways. In vivo, SJP significantly inhibited the serum levels of RANKL, ALP, and TRAP, whereas it increased the levels of osteocalcin and osteoprotegerin in OVX-mice. These results indicate that SJP may have the potential to stimulate bone formation and regeneration, and may be used as a functional food or nutritional supplement to prevent osteoporosis.

PubMed ID: 34928143
Article link: J Agric Food Chem