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Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech 2023 Jun 01;18662:194927. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2023.194927.
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METTL3 activates PERK-eIF2α dependent coelomocyte apoptosis by targeting the endoplasmic reticulum degradation-related protein SEL1L in echinoderms.

Li D , Guo M , Lv Z , Shao Y , Liang W , Li C .

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) plays an important role in regulating many physiological and disease processes in vertebrates, in which methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) is the best-known m6A methyltransferase. However, the functional roles of invertebrate METTL3 have not yet been highlighted. In this study, we found that METTL3 from Apostichopus japonicus (AjMETTL3) was significantly induced in coelomocytes accompanied by higher levels of m6A modification in response to Vibrio splendidus challenge. Overexpression or silencing of AjMETTL3 in coelomocytes increased or decreased the m6A levels and promoted or inhibited V. splendidus-induced coelomocyte apoptosis, respectively. To further explore the molecular mechanism of AjMETTL3-mediated coelomic immunity, m6A-seq analysis revealed that the endoplasmic reticulum-related degradation (ERAD) pathway was significantly enriched, in which suppressor/enhancer of Lin-12-like (AjSEL1L) was suggested to be a target of AjMETTL3 in a negative regulatory manner. Functional analysis revealed that the increased AjMETTL3 reduced the stability of AjSEL1L mRNA by targeting the m6A modification site of 2004 bp-GGACA-2008 bp. The decreased AjSEL1L was further confirmed to be involved in AjMETTL3-mediated coelomocyte apoptosis. Mechanistically, the inhibited AjSEL1L increased the transcription of AjOS9 and Ajp97 in the EARD pathway to promote ubiquitin protein accumulation and ER stress, which further activated AjPERK-AjeIF2α pathway dependent coelomocyte apoptosis, but not the AjIRE1 or AjATF6 pathway. Taken together, our results supported invertebrate METTL3-mediated coelomocyte apoptosis by regulating the PERK-eIF2α pathway.

PubMed ID: 36933883
Article link: Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech