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J Eukaryot Microbiol 2017 Jul 01;644:491-503. doi: 10.1111/jeu.12386.
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Protein SUMOylation is Involved in Cell-cycle Progression and Cell Morphology in Giardia lamblia.

Di Genova BM , da Silva RC , da Cunha JPC , Gargantini PR , Mortara RA , Tonelli RR .

The unicellular protozoa Giardia lamblia is a food- and waterborne parasite that causes giardiasis. This illness is manifested as acute and self-limited diarrhea and can evolve to long-term complications. Successful establishment of infection by Giardia trophozoites requires adhesion to host cells and colonization of the small intestine, where parasites multiply by mitotic division. The tight binding of trophozoites to host cells occurs by means of the ventral adhesive disc, a spiral array of microtubules and associated proteins such as giardins. In this work we show that knock down of the Small Ubiquitin-like MOdifier (SUMO) results in less adhesive trophzoites, decreased cell proliferation and deep morphological alterations, including at the ventral disc. Consistent with the reduced proliferation, SUMO knocked-down trophozoites were arrested in G1 and in S phases of the cell cycle. Mass spectrometry analysis of anti-SUMO immunoprecipitates was performed to identify SUMO substrates possibly involved in these events. Among the identified SUMOylation targets, α-tubulin was further validated by Western blot and confirmed to be a SUMO target in Giardia trophozoites.

PubMed ID: 27864857
Article link: J Eukaryot Microbiol

Genes referenced: LOC115919910 sumo2 tubgcp2