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J Biol Chem 1982 Jan 25;2572:742-6.
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The purification and characterization of an exo-beta (1 going to 3)-glucanohydrolase from sea urchin eggs.

Talbot CF , Vacquier VD .

An exo-beta (1 going to 3)-glucanohydrolase (EC of sea urchin eggs (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) was purified to homogeneity by DEAE-cellulose chromatography followed by affinity chromatography on gluconolactone-Sepharose. The increase in specific activity is 800- to 1500-fold. The native enzyme exists in aggregated forms on nondenaturiung gels, with a subunit molecular weight on sodium dodecyl sulfate gels of 68,000. The enzyme is stabilized by polyethylene glycol and retains activity in 0.2% sodium dodecyl sulfate. With soluble laminarin as substrate (0.67 mg/ml), the temperature optimum is 60 degrees C (pH 6.0) and the pH optimum is 5.4 (40 degrees C). The egg glucanase does not exhibit Michaelis-Menten kinetics, exhibiting instead sigmoidal kinetics with a Hill coefficient of 1.6. The maximum velocity is 80 mumol of glucose released from soluble laminarin min-1 mg-1 protein. The half-maximum velocity (at pH 6.0, 40 degrees C) occurs at about 58 micrograms of laminarin ml-1. The glucanase is inhibited by D-1,5-gluconolactone, D-erythritol, and DL-threitol. This affinity method of glucanase purification may be important in the study of glucanases from other sources.

PubMed ID: 7054179

Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: LOC100887844