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Gen Comp Endocrinol 2021 Sep 01;310:113831. doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2021.113831.
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A specific and sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for measurement of relaxin-like gonad-stimulating peptide in the starfish Asterias rubens.

Mita M , Elphick MR , Katayama H .

A relaxin-like gonad-stimulating peptide (RGP) acts as a gonadotropic hormone in starfish. In this study, antibodies to Asterias rubens RGP (AruRGP) were used for the development of a specific and sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to measure AruRGP. Biotin-conjugated RGP (biotin-AruRGP) that binds to peroxidase-conjugated streptavidin was synthesized chemically so that it could be specifically detected using 3, 3', 5, 5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB)/hydrogen peroxide as a substrate. Similar to AruRGP, biotin-AruRGP bound to AruRGP antibodies. In binding experiments with biotin-AruRGP using wells coated with AruRGP antibodies, a displacement curve was obtained using serial dilutions of AruRGP. Using this ELISA system, AruRGP could be measured in the range 0.01-5.0 pmol per 50 µl test solution. Furthermore, 0.22 ± 0.03 and 0.20 ± 0.04 pmol AruRGP/mg wet weight tissue were detected in the radial nerve cords and circumoral nerve-rings of A. rubens, respectively. Smaller amounts of AruRGP were detected in tube feet, pyloric stomach and cardiac stomach but AruRGP was not detected in pyloric caeca, ovaries and testes. Analysis of the specificity of the AruRGP antibodies revealed that the A- and B-chains of AruRGP, Patiria pectinifera RGP, Aphelasterias japonica RGP, and human relaxin exhibit little or no cross-reactivity in the ELISA. We conclude, therefore, that we have successfully generated an ELISA system that is highly sensitive and specific for detection of AruRGP.

PubMed ID: 34089706
Article link: Gen Comp Endocrinol