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J Biol Chem 1986 Dec 25;26136:17040-7.
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Stereospecific induction of starfish oocyte maturation by (8R)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid.

Meijer L , Brash AR , Bryant RW , Ng K , Maclouf J , Sprecher H .

Oocyte maturation (meiosis reinitiation) in starfish is induced by the natural hormone 1-methyladenine. This induction of meiotic divisions can be triggered also by four fatty acids: 5,8,11-20:3; 5,8,11,14-20:4 (arachidonic acid); 6,9,12,15-20:4; 5,8,11,14,17-20:5, all other fatty acids being completely inactive. This maturation triggered by eicosanoids occurs in the micromolar range and is facilitated by the presence of calcium. A variety of arachidonic acid derivatives (esters, epoxides, etc.) and metabolites (cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase products) has been tested; the biological activity is restricted to 8-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (8-HETE), other mono- and poly-HETEs being completely inactive. Maturation triggered by 8-HETE occurs around 10 nM and is insensitive to the presence of calcium. 8-HETE methyl ester and 8-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid are able to induce maturation at higher concentrations. Both (8S) and (8R) stereoisomers have been tested; the biological activity is strictly restricted to the (8R) isomer. 8-HETE triggers a complete maturation, i.e. maturation-promoting factor appearance, germinal vesicle breakdown, emission of the polar bodies, and formation of a female pronucleus. (8R)-HETE, but not (8S)-HETE, triggers the typical decrease in cyclic AMP concentration induced by 1-methyladenine and the burst of protein phosphorylation associated with maturation. Starfish oocytes oxidize exogenous arachidonic acid into 8-HETE and other HETEs. 8-HETE was identified, after high pressure liquid chromatography purification, by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Furthermore, it was found that the starfish oocytes only produce the (8R)-HETE isomer. This highly stereospecific induction of oocyte maturation by (8R)-HETE suggests that this fatty acid, or a very closely related fatty acid, may play a role in the transduction of the 1-methyladenine message at the plasma membrane level.

PubMed ID: 3097019

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