ECB-ART-45079Fish Shellfish Immunol 2017 Feb 01;61:24-33. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2016.12.017.
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A novel MKK gene (AjMKK3/6) in the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus: Identification, characterization and its response to pathogenic challenge.
The mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases (MKKs) are key components of MAP kinase (MAPK) cascades and function as redox-regulated signaling factors in pathological and physiological processes. In this study, we identified a novel MKK3/6 gene in the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (designated as AjMKK3/6) by transcriptome database mining and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) approaches. Sequence analysis and protein structure prediction showed that AjMKK3/6 is highly conserved as compared to those from other invertebrate and vertebrate species. Molecular phylogeny result revealed that AjMKK3/6 exhibited a closest relationship with that from Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Quantitative real-time PCR was employed to determine the expression profiles of AjMKK3/6 in healthy adult A. japonicus tissues and in coelomocytes after Vibrio splendidus infection in vivo, respectively. As results shown, AjMKK3/6 was ubiquitously expressed in all examined tissues of healthy adult A. japonicus with a relative expression level from high to low as body wall > tube feet > coelomocytes > respiratory tree > intestine > longitudinal muscle. Significant expression changes of AjMKK3/6 in coelomocytes were observed at 12 h- and 72 h-after V. splendidus infection, respectively. In general, the current study will enrich our knowledge of characterizations and immno-functions of MKK3/6 in sea cucumbers.
PubMed ID: 27988308
Article link: Fish Shellfish Immunol
Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC585817 LOC586799