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J Med Chem 2017 Jul 13;6013:5868-5875. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00540.
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Synthesis of 8-Substituted Analogues of Cyclic ADP-4-Thioribose and Their Unexpected Identification as Ca2+-Mobilizing Full Agonists.

Takano S , Tsuzuki T , Murayama T , Kameda T , Kumaki Y , Sakurai T , Fukuda H , Watanabe M , Arisawa M , Shuto S .

A series of 8-substituted analogues of cyclic ADP-4-thioribose (cADPtR, 3), which is a stable equivalent of Ca2+-mobilizing second messenger cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR, 1), were designed as potential pharmacological tools for studies on cADPR-modulated Ca2+ signaling pathways. These 8-amino analogue (8-NH2-cADPtR, 4), 8-azido analogue (8-N3-cADPtR, 5), and 8-chloro analogue (8-Cl-cADPtR, 6) were efficiently synthesized, where the stereoselective N1-β-thioribosyladenine ring closure reaction via an α/β-equilibrium of the 1-aminothioribose derivative and construction of the characteristic 18-membered pyrophosphate ring by Ag+-promoted activation of a phenyl phosphorothioate type substrate were the two key steps. Although 8-NH2-cADPR (2) is a well-known potent antagonist against cADPR-inducing Ca2+-release, the 4-thioribose congener 8-NH2-cADPtR turned out unexpectedly to be a full agonist in sea urchin egg homogenate evaluation system. This important finding suggested that the ring-oxygen in the N1-ribose of cADPR analogues is essential for the antagonistic activity in the Ca2+-signaling pathway, which can contribute to clarify the structure-agonist/antagonist activity relationship.

PubMed ID: 28636353
Article link: J Med Chem

Genes referenced: LOC100887844