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Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics 2022 Mar 01;41:100953. doi: 10.1016/j.cbd.2021.100953.
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Gene expression patterns of sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus intermedius) exposed to different combinations of temperature and hypoxia.

Hao P , Ding B , Han L , Xie J , Wu Y , Jin X , Zhang X , Wang W , Wang L , Zhang W , Chang Y , Ding J .

Strongylocentrotus intermedius is one of the most economically valuable sea urchin species in China, and its growth and survival are severely constrained by ocean warming and the hypoxia that often accompanies high water temperatures. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of S. intermedius that regulate gene expression in response to multi-causal environmental stresses. We performed a de novo transcriptome analysis of coelomocyte from S. intermedius to heat (25 °C), hypoxia (2 mg/L), and the combined stress. We identified 35,635, 29,107, and 29,440 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in S. intermedius cultured under high temperature, low oxygen, and combined stress, respectively. Further Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways analyses revealed that these DEGs mainly enriched the functional categories of "Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum," and "Glutathione metabolism" by heat stress, such as HSP70, GSTO1, PDIA4. After hypoxic stress, "Notch signaling pathway" and metabolism-related pathways such as "Glycerolipid metabolism", "Pyruvate metabolism" were significantly enriched. Exposure to combined stress resulted in a two-factor additive effect at the transcriptome level and have a more extensive impact on the immune correlated pathways in S. intermedius than single stress, the expression of related immune genes (C3, C5, and AIFM2) were up-regulated. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis of the expression of 18 DEGs confirmed the RNA-Seq results. Observations in the present study will improve the understanding of the molecular mechanism of S. intermedius in response to multi-causal environmental stress.

PubMed ID: 34942521
Article link: Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics