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J Agric Food Chem 2021 Mar 03;698:2576-2584. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.0c06466.
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Stichopus japonicus Polysaccharide Stimulates Osteoblast Differentiation through Activation of the Bone Morphogenetic Protein Pathway in MC3T3-E1 Cells.

Wang Y , Sun J , Zhang Y , Liu W , Yang S , Yang J .

This study aimed to examine the combined use of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and polysaccharide isolated from Stichopus japonicus on osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells. Osteogenic differentiation was measured via histochemical staining of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay, alizarin red staining of mineralization assay, Western blotting, ELISA, and a qRT-PCR evaluation for the expression of BMP-2, runt-related transcription factor-2 (Runx-2), osteocalcin (OCN), osteopontin (OPN), and collagen type I (Col I) in MC3T3-E1 cells. Immunofluorescence assay was utilized to assess the BMP-2 localized on the cell surface. The results illustrated that SP-2 was able to increase ALP expression and accelerate the mineralization. Osteoblasts cultured on BMP-2/SP-2 substrate increased the expression levels of BMP-2, Runx-2, Col I, OCN, and OPN. SP-2 increased the binding efficiency involving a BMP-2 and its cell surface receptor. The dose of 5 μg/mL SP-2 used showed the best function of inducing osteoblast differentiation. These findings indicated that SP-2 is a more effective enhancer that cooperated with BMP-2 to induce osteoblastic differentiation by utilizing the BMP-2 signaling pathway.

PubMed ID: 33417444
Article link: J Agric Food Chem