ECB-ART-31981Dev Biol 1989 Jan 01;1311:226-35. doi: 10.1016/s0012-1606(89)80054-5.
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Localization and developmental fate of ovoperoxidase and proteoliaisin, two proteins involved in fertilization envelope assembly.
Fertilization of the sea urchin egg leads to the assembly of an extracellular matrix, the fertilization envelope. Ovoperoxidase, the enzyme implicated in hardening the fertilization envelope, is inserted into the assembling structure via a Ca2+-dependent interaction with the protein proteoliasin (P. Weidman and B. M. Shapiro, 1987, J. Cell Biol. 105, 561-567). In the present report, polyclonal antisera were raised to ovoperoxidase and proteoliasin (purified from eggs of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) and characterized by Western blot analysis and an enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA). By indirect immunofluorescence microscopy all cortical granules of unfertilized eggs, as well as the fertilization envelope, contained both proteoliasin and ovoperoxidase. At the ultrastructural level both proteins are localized to the electron-dense spiral lamellae of the cortical granules. Western blot analysis revealed that ovoperoxidase and proteoliasin persist in early embryos until hatching, but are absent from later developmental stages. Homogenates of eggs of several other echinoderm species (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis, Strongylocentrotus franciscanus, Pisaster ochraceus, Dendraster excentricus, and Lytechinus pictus) also contain proteins antigenically similar to ovoperoxidase and proteoliaisin, indicating that many echinoderms utilize a similar strategy for assembly of the fertilization envelope. The results underline the need for postsecretory controls in the extracellular matrix modifications that accompany the cortical reaction.
PubMed ID: 2642429
Article link: Dev Biol
Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115919910 op