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Exp Hematol 2019 Feb 01;70:97-108. doi: 10.1016/j.exphem.2018.12.002.
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Targeting cell-bound MUC1 on myelomonocytic, monocytic leukemias and phenotypically defined leukemic stem cells with anti-SEA module antibodies.

Guillaume T , Dehame V , Chevallier P , Peterlin P , Garnier A , Grégoire M , Pichinuk E , Rubinstein DB , Wreschner DH .

Cell surface molecules aberrantly expressed or overexpressed by myeloid leukemic cells represent potential disease-specific therapeutic targets for antibodies. MUC1 is a polymorphic glycoprotein, the cleavage of which yields two unequal chains: a large extracellular α subunit containing a tandem repeat array bound in a strong noncovalent interaction to a smaller β subunit containing the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. Because the α-chain can be released from the cell-bound domains of MUC1, agents directed against the α-chain will not effectively target MUC1+ cells. The MUC1 SEA (a highly conserved protein module so called from its initial identification in a sea urchin sperm protein, in enterokinase, and in agrin) domain formed by the binding of the α and β chains  represents a stable structure fixed to the cell surface at all times. DMB-5F3, a partially humanized murine anti-MUC1 SEA domain monoclonal antibody, was used to examine MUC1 expression in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and was found to bind acute myelomonocytic and monocytic leukemia (AML-M4 and AML-M5) cell lines. We also examined monocytic neoplasms freshly obtained from patients including chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, which were found to uniformly express MUC1. CD34+/lin-/CD38- or CD38+ presumed leukemic stem cell populations from CD34+ AML and CD34-CD38- or CD38+ populations from CD34- AML were also found to express MUC1, although at low percentages. Based on these studies, we generated an anti-MUC1 immunotoxin to directly gauge the cytotoxic efficacy of targeting AML-bound MUC1. Using single-chain DMB-5F3 fused to recombinant gelonin toxin, the degree of AML cytotoxicity was found to correlate with MUC1 expression. Our data support the use of an anti-MUC1 SEA module-drug conjugates to selectively target and inhibit MUC1-expressing myelomonocytic leukemic cells.

PubMed ID: 30593830
Article link: Exp Hematol

Genes referenced: bst1 LOC100887844 LOC100890608 LOC100893907 LOC115918117 LOC115919910 LOC115925415 LOC586604 LOC591473 stk36