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RSC Adv 2023 Apr 03;1316:11002-11009. doi: 10.1039/d2ra08334e.
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Facile preparation and dielectric properties of BaTiO3 with different particle sizes and morphologies.

Wu X , Zhao H , Han W , Wang Z , Li F , Li J , Xue W .

BaTiO3 nanoparticles were prepared by the hydrothermal method, and the effect of 1-(propyl-3-methoxysilyl)-3-methylimidazole chloride on the size of BaTiO3 particles was investigated. The obtained BaTiO3 was characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, and Raman spectroscopy; and the dielectric properties of BaTiO3 ceramic sheets were tested. The results indicate that the spherical BaTiO3-N prepared without an ionic liquid was in a tetragonal phase with an average particle size of 129 nm. When an ionic liquid was added, the size of the BaTiO3-IL decreased and the degree of agglomeration increased. In addition, with increasing quantity of ionic liquid, the tetragonal-phase content of BaTiO3-IL gradually decreased until complete transformation into cubic phase. The dielectric constant of the BaTiO3-N ceramics was the highest, and the dielectric constant decreased with decreasing BaTiO3 particle size. Moreover, two types of BaTiO3 nanoparticles (bowl- and sea urchin-shaped) were prepared by changing the hydrothermal conditions and additives. The average particle size of the former was 92 nm, the tetragonal-phase content was ca. 90%, and the dielectric constant was large; whereas the sea urchin-shaped BaTiO3 consisted of small particles in the cubic phase, and the dielectric constant was small.

PubMed ID: 37033420
Article link: RSC Adv