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Curr Top Med Chem 2022 Jan 01;2219:1626-1633. doi: 10.2174/1568026622666220707095718.
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Absolute Configuration and Antileishmanial Activity of (-)-Cyclocolorenone Isolated from Duguetia lanceolata (Annonaceae).

Monteiro J , Passero LFD , Jesus JA , Laurenti MD , Lago JHG , Soares MG , Batista ANL , Batista JM , Sartorelli P .

BACKGROUND: The fractionation of the n-hexane phase of the EtOH extract from the leaves of Duguetia lanceolata (Annonaceae) led to the identification of the sesquiterpene (-)-cyclocolorenone. OBJECTIVES: Chemical characterization, including determination of the absolute stereochemistry, and in vitro evaluation of antileishmanial activity of the sesquiterpene (-)-cyclocolorenone, isolated from D. lanceolata, were carried out. METHODS: (-)-Cyclocolorenone was isolated from D. lanceolata leaves using different chromatographic steps and its structure was defined by analysis of NMR and ESI-HRMS data. Additionally, the absolute configuration of (-)-cyclocolorenone was ambiguously assigned by means of vibrational circular dichroism (VCD). Antileishmanial activity of (-)-cyclocolorenone was evaluated on promastigote and amastigote forms of Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis. The integrity of the cell membrane of L. (L.) amazonensis was analyzed using the SYTOX green probe. RESULTS: (-)-(1R,6S,7R,10R)-Cyclocolorenone displayed activity against promastigotes and amastigotes forms of L. (L.) amazonensis with IC50 of 4.54 and 28.44 µM, respectively. Furthermore, this compound was non-toxic in J774 macrophage cells (CC50 > 458.71 µM) with a selectivity index > 100 (promastigotes) and > 32.2 (amastigotes). Additionally, (-)-cyclocolorenone was observed to target the parasite cell membrane. CONCLUSION: Obtained data suggested that (-)-cyclocolorenone, in which absolute configuration was determined, can be considered as a scaffold for the development of new drugs for the treatment of leishmaniasis.

PubMed ID: 35796444
Article link: Curr Top Med Chem
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