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Dev Comp Immunol 2019 Feb 01;91:26-36. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2018.10.004.
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β-Integrin mediates LPS-induced coelomocyte apoptosis in sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus via the integrin/FAK/caspase-3 signaling pathway.

Wang Z , Li C , Xing R , Shao Y , Zhao X , Zhang W , Guo M .

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) can induce the apoptosis of coelomocytes in Apostichopus japonicus (A. japonicus), and β-integrin serves as an apoptotic inhibitor during this process. However, the underlying mechanism in invertebrates is largely unknown. Integrin/focal adhesion kinase (FAK) signaling pathway modulates the apoptosis in vertebrates. In this study, a novel FAK was identified from A. japonicus (designated as AjFAK) by β-integrin (designated as AjITGB) -mediated GST-pull down assay. This interaction was further validated in the LPS-exposed coelomocytes through co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence analyses. To investigate the functional role of AjFAK in AjITGB-mediated coelomocyte apoptosis, we cloned the full-length cDNA of AjFAK and characterized its relationship with AjITGB through real-time PCR. The mRNA expression levels of AjFAK exhibited consistent expression patterns with those of AjITGB in our previous work with 0.48- and 0.22-fold decreases at 12 and 96 h in LPS-exposed coelomocytes and in Vibrio splendidus challenged sea cucumber, respectively. Moreover, the expression level of AjFAK decreased to 0.35-fold in AjITGB knockdown treatment by specific small interference RNA (siRNA). We further performed an assay for the apoptotic rate of coelomocytes in AjITGB, AjFAK, and AjITGB/AjFAK silencing conditions and found that their apoptotic percentages increased to 26%, 25%, and 30%, respectively, compared with those of the control. Finally, the expression levels of four caspases from A. japonicus were also investigated to determine the apoptotic effector. After AjITGB or AjFAK was silenced, the mRNA levels of caspase-3 were 6.6-fold and 2.5-fold higher than those of the control, respectively. In addition, the enzymatic activity of caspase-3 was enhanced to 1.82- and 1.79-fold that of the control in the two groups. However, no significant changes were detected in caspase-2/6/8. All our results supported that β-integrin mediated the LPS-induced coelomocyte apoptosis in sea cucumber via the integrin/FAK/caspase-3 signaling pathway.

PubMed ID: 30339873
Article link: Dev Comp Immunol

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC594349 ptk2