ECB-ART-50523Mar Pollut Bull 2022 Feb 01;175:113385. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.113385.
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Four plastic additives reduce larval growth and survival in the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus.
Plastic additives are utilized during the production of plastic to modify the attributes and stability of the polymer. As oceanic plastic waste degrades, these additives can leach, and are harmful to global marine ecosystems. Despite the high abundance of additives leached into the marine environment, little is known about their direct impact on marine zooplankton. Here we test for impacts of four plastic additives, UV-327, Irganox 1010, DEHP, and methylparaben, all commonly used in plastic manufacturing, on purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) larval growth and survival in a serial dose response for 4 days. Methylparaben, UV-327, and Irganox 1010 significantly reduced larval body length by about 5% for at least one dose. In contrast, all compounds reduced larval survival by 20-70% with strongest effects at intermediate rather than high doses. Our results highlight that plastic additives should be tested for their effects on marine organisms.
PubMed ID: 35121213
Article link: Mar Pollut Bull