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J Cell Sci 1976 Oct 01;221:115-31. doi: 10.1242/jcs.22.1.115.
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Spindle birefringence of isolated mitotic apparatus: further evidence for two birefringent spindle components.

Forer A , Kalnins VI , Zimmerman AM .

We studied sea-urchin zygote mitotic apparatus (MA) isolated in hexylene glycol, transferred immediately to a glycerol-dimethylsulphoxide medium, and stored for 2 weeks at room temperature. Treatment with 0-5 M KC1 caused loss of 45% of the birefringence, but microtubules remained intact (as seen electron microscopically in glutaraldehyde-fixed MA), and tubulin was not extracted (as determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis). These results suggest that a non-tubulin component which is extracted by the KC1 contributes 45% of the MA birefringence. Further evidence for this conclusion came from indirect immunofluorescence experiments. Non-extracted (control) MA were fixed with formaldehyde and reacted with antibody against tubulin; there was intense staining of the spindle fibres and astral rays. Electron microscopically, however, microtubules were not present in formaldehyde-fixed MA. Since formaldehyde fixation caused breakdown of microtubules but the tubulin remained in the MA (as judged by reaction with antibodies) we suggest that after microtubule breakdown the tubulin remains in the MA because it is bound to a peri-microtubule spindle component (which we call ''substance gamma''). When KCl-extracted MA were fixed with formaldehyde and reacted with antibody against tubulin there was very little staining of spindle fibres and astral rays. Electron microscopically, formaldehyde caused microtubule breakdown, and since the tubulin is lost from formaldehydefixed, KC1-extracted MA (as judged by reaction with antibodies), we suggest that the tubulin-binding component, substance gamma, is extracted by the 0-5 M KC1. Pressure treatment caused the asters not to stain with antibody against tubulin, suggesting that the stability of substance gamma is different in different regions of the mitotic apparatus.

PubMed ID: 789386
Article link: J Cell Sci

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 tubgcp2