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Dev Growth Differ 1986 May 01;283:243-249. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-169X.1986.00243.x.
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Presence of a Ciliary Patch in Preoral Epithelium of Sea Urchin Plutei: (sea urchin pluteus/sense organ/cilia/axoneme/ultrastructure).

Nakajima Y .

Removal of the hyaline layer from sea urchin embryos at the pluteus stage discloses a densely ciliated region in the preoral area of the ectodermal epithelium. In four-armed plutei, this ciliary path is located between the anterolateral arms and in eight-armed plutei it becomes surrounded by preoral and anterolateral arms. The area of the patch and the number of cilia increase with age. This patch is covered by cilia of unusual morphology and orientation. There are more than two cilia per cell which are coiled together several times around a small cone at the apical end of the cell. These coiled cilia run parallel to the surface of the cell but do not extend beyond the hyaline layer. The ciliary axoneme consists of a "9+2" microtubular structure, but no outer or inner dynein arms are observed. Although the cells with coiled cilia are present in a cluster constituting a part of the epithelium, they have axons that project from their basal (inner) ends. The structural characteistics of the ciliary patch suggest that it possesses a sensory function.

PubMed ID: 37281104
Article link: Dev Growth Differ