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Cell Mol Life Sci 2016 Mar 01;736:1209-24. doi: 10.1007/s00018-015-2117-6.
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Molecular mechanisms that underpin EML4-ALK driven cancers and their response to targeted drugs.

Bayliss R , Choi J , Fennell DA , Fry AM , Richards MW .

A fusion between the EML4 (echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like) and ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase) genes was identified in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in 2007 and there has been rapid progress in applying this knowledge to the benefit of patients. However, we have a poor understanding of EML4 and ALK biology and there are many challenges to devising the optimal strategy for treating EML4-ALK NSCLC patients. In this review, we describe the biology of EML4 and ALK, explain the main features of EML4-ALK fusion proteins and outline the therapies that target EML4-ALK. In particular, we highlight the recent advances in our understanding of the structures of EML proteins, describe the molecular mechanisms of resistance to ALK inhibitors and assess current thinking about combinations of ALK drugs with inhibitors that target other kinases or Hsp90.

PubMed ID: 26755435
PMC ID: PMC4761370
Article link: Cell Mol Life Sci
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References [+] :
Alì, Response to erlotinib in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harbouring the EML4-ALK translocation: A case report. 2015, Pubmed, Echinobase